Liquorice Root Plant Seeds. Liquorice Root Plant, (Glycyrrhiza glabra) is a perennial herb of the pea family (Fabaceae), and it is used in flavoring, confection, and folk medicine made from its roots. Licorice is similar to anise (Pimpinella anisum) in flavor; both plants are somewhat sweet and slightly bitter. The Greek name glykyrrhiza, of which the word licorice is a corruption, means “sweet root.” Native to southern Europe, licorice is mainly cultivated around the Mediterranean and in parts of the United States.
It is a perennial herb that grows to over a meter tall. It is cultivated for its roots. Roots grow 1 – 1.2 m deep and can extend to 10 m in a deep, permeable soil. Growing licorice in container is however also possible.
The roots used are about 1 metre long and about 1 cm in diameter. They are soft, fibrous, and flexible and are coloured bright yellow inside. The distinctive sweetness of licorice is imparted by a substance called glycyrrhizin.
Liquorice Root Plant Medicinal Benefits
- Licorice is an ingredient in cough lozenges, syrups, and elixirs.
- It is a flavouring agent in candies and tobacco.
- The roots are ground and then boiled to form a juice; the pliable stick form of licorice candy, also called licorice paste or black sugar, is processed from this thickened juice.
- Licorice root is used to soothe gastrointestinal problems.
- In cases of food poisoning, stomach ulcers, and heartburn, licorice root extract can speed the repair of stomach lining and restore balance. This is due to the anti-inflammatory and immune-boosting properties of glycyrrhizic acid.
- Licorice has been used in traditional Chinese medicine and other natural practices for centuries.
- Glycyrrhizin, liquiritigenin, and glabridin are just some of the active substances in licorice that have powerful antiviral properties.
- Test-tube studies demonstrate that licorice root extract is effective against HIV, RSV, herpes viruses, and severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV), which causes a serious type of pneumonia.
Growing Liquorice Root Plant
- Soak the Liquorice Root Plant Seeds for at least 24 hours in lukewarm water and then sow seeds in seed starting mix.
- Sow the seeds at a depth of 1/2 inch.
- Cover the seeds with soil and keep it evenly moist until the seeds germinate.
- Germination occurs within two weeks.
- Optimum germination ranges around 20 C.
- Leave space of 2 feet between each plant.
- Licorice roots are ready for harvest after two years of planting.
- Harvest the plant in fall.
- Extract the horizontal roots with a sharp spade and replant the plant so that it will regrow again.
- Preserve the main roots so as not to damage the plant.
Information is for educational and informational purposes only and may not be construed as medical advice. The information is not intended to replace medical advice or treatment offered by healthcare professionals.