Fig (Ficus carica) Tree seeds. This fig tree is the most common domestic fig tree found in South Africa and has pear shaped fruit, purple in color. The flesh of the fig is dark ruby in color, with a high flesh to seed ratio. Very sweet and juicy flavor. Great for making jams and for canning as well. You can also dry your figs, for a tasty treat.
Figs like to grow in dry, sunny areas which makes them the ideal fruit tree to grow in South Africa. Figs are a great source of calcium and fibre. Figs are also a good source of copper, manganese, magnesium, potassium and vitamin K.
Fig seeds need soaking in lukewarm water for 1 to 2 days before being planted into soil. Seeds should be germinated in a tray filled with moist granular bonsai mix, small lava grit or vermiculite, rather than regular compost or potting soil. Fig tree seeds need a warm and humid environment to germinate. This can be accomplished by placing a plastic cover or bag over the top of the tray and placing the tray in a warm area that receives indirect sunlight. As long as condensation appears on the inside surface of the bag or lid, the seeds don’t need to be watered. Germination can take up to eight weeks. Once small sprouts with leaves appear on the surface of the growing medium, the plants can be acclimated to the humidity of the surrounding environment by removing the lid or bag each day for a few more hours each time. Fig trees are very adaptable and can become accustomed to lower humidity levels as long as they receive regular watering.
When the seedlings have reached a few inches in height, they can be gently removed from the seedling tray and planted into 2 to 3 inch pots. Ficus seedlings can be planted into regular potting soil and should be watered well for the first two weeks after transplanting. A thorough watering once every two days is best. After this period, they should only be watered when the surface of the soil feels dry to the touch. Ficus seedlings also perform better when kept in indirect sunlight for the first month before being moved to a location with direct sunlight.